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Research Article

Xiangrong Huang, Yueyi Li , Yueyi Li

Secondary/High School Level – Singapore Secondary School Special issue Publication
Investigating the Plastic Decomposing Ability of Tenebriomolitor Using Carbon Dioxide Sensors

Published on 07 January 2021

According to a group of Stanford scientists, mealworms, the larva of darkling beetles, can digest Styrofoam, a type of polystyrene, and break it down into carbon dioxide. This paper investigates the plastic-digesting property of mealworms on different types of plastic, namely polystyrene (PS), low- density polyethylene (LDPE) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Since mealworms breathe in oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. To measure the extent of plastic intake, we explored an alternative method to measure the extent of plastic digestion - using Arduino carbon dioxide sensors instead of calculating the difference in weight of plastic. As the increase in the exhalation of carbon dioxide is indicative of the amount of plastic consumed, the authors measured the change in carbon dioxide concentration of the mealworms' environment as they consume plastic. This is put into comparison with when the mealworms respire without food. The results show that mealworms consume Styrofoam to a certain extent. However, they are mostly unable to digest polyethylene and polyvinyl chloride, likely due to their elasticity and high density respectively.

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Research Article

Cheok TS et al

Polytechnic/Undergraduate Publication
What makes one civil?: The associations between civility scores, gender, rational-experiential processing styles, self-consciousness and socioeconomic factors in Singapore.

Published on 03 June 2020

In studying the topic of civility and its association to other parameters, we modified Forni’s Twenty-Five Rules of Considerate Conduct into an inventory for assessing civility. 220 Singapore residents completed an online survey that included a demographic survey, the civility inventory, SCS-R, and REI-40. Self-reported civility was correlated with age (r (214) = .134, p = .049), and experientiality (r (210) = .255, p < .001), but inversely correlated with social anxiety (r (210) = -.172, p = .013). There were no gender effects for civility (p = .014, r = .11), self-consciousness dimensions, and experientiality, even though males scored significantly higher on rationality (p = .013, r = .17). No effects were found for indicators of SES on civility scores. Our findings suggest that social standing may not necessarily be the most important factor as often presumed.

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Jia Soon Len

Polytechnic/Undergraduate Publication
Opinion: Challenges and obstacles to personalized medicine

Published on 02 March 2020

The concept of personalized medicine (PM), which is the use of the right drug for the right patient at the right dose, is not a topic new in the field. PM is a concept that is developing over the decades with PM drugs already available in the market. While there have been articles on either ethical or legal aspects/implications of PM, there are very few recent articles discussing both of them simultaneously. This article aims to discuss both the legal and ethical aspects of PM, with personal insights.

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Application Notes

Ong NB et al

Polytechnic/Undergraduate Publication
Application Notes: AI-based Research Grant Audits - A* Grant Audit Flagging System (A*GAFS)

Published on 09 January 2020

The spending of public funds for research requires the auditing process for accountability, in which, the line items of expenditures are matched to the broad categories requested at the proposal stage. Given the long lists, the auditing process is highly tedious. With automation as a solution, the “A* Grant Audit Flagging System” (A*GAFS) was created for automated matching of approved items. Utilizing Optical Character Recognition (OCR), Natural Language Processing (NLP), and allowing customizations to thresholds on stringencies, A*GAFS flags out the possible non-fundable purchases by highlight and comments. This application allows the automated comparison of expenditures with the requested item in the grant proposal to minimize manual labor where hired staff, dates, and items would all be screened. A*GAFS is a standalone application compatible on both Windows and MAC OS.

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Application Notes

Yeo KJY et al

Polytechnic/Undergraduate Publication
Application Notes: Wound Education App - Providing digitized wound care information on-the-go.

Published on 25 October 2019

Proper wound management minimizes adverse developments in open skin wounds, making the dissemination of information vital for good wound management. Booklets can be a reliable source of such information but have many limitations as printed copies. To address this, smartphone applications can easily aggregate coloured information from multiple booklets, serving as a better alternative. For this purpose, we created the Wound Education app to consolidate wound care information from multiple clinical booklets from the Welsh Wound Innovation Centre. The application was developed for both Android and iOS smartphones and displays a list of different wound conditions to the user. The information is also cached to allow for off-line access. Also included is a feature to direct the user to their nearest dermatologist. The Wound Education app is a freely available application on both the Google Play store and Apple app stores, aimed to empower patients to take greater charge of their own wound care.

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ISSN: 2591-7536